When choosing a route we must take into account our physical condition, choosing the routes with little unevenness and short distance at the beginning and then choosing trails with more difficulty.
The Long Distance Trails (GR) is the routes that have more than 50 kilometers of route and that are carried out in stages. The reference color for this type of trails is red.
The trails of Small Route (PR ), signaled with yellow color, can have between 10 and 50 kilometers, being able to be realized in one or two days depending on the distance and level of difficulty.
The local trails (SL) are those whose route is less than 10 kilometers and the difficulty is minimal, so they are suitable for children, the elderly and people with physical difficulties. Its reference color is green.
However, not all trails are approved and, therefore, the signage may be different.
Before Starting the Route
Before starting the activity, it is advisable to be well informed about the length of the path, the unevenness and the nearby refuge, as well as to check the weather forecasts and to review our equipment well so as not to forget anything essential.
It is also important that we inform a relative or somewhere about our itinerary in case it is necessary to locate us.
The clothes we wear must always be breathable and appropriate for each climate. The best thing is to make use of the new materials that protect you from the cold while you transpire, and due to its lightness, provides greater freedom of movement. Even if it’s hot, it’s not a bad idea to bring some warm clothes in your backpack, as well as a rain jacket. The socks should be wool, so they do not retain moisture, and without drawings, to avoid chafing. If it is necessary to protect ourselves from the cold, we will use a hat, gloves, panties and polar clothes.
If you are going to move away from your place of residence for hiking or some other adventure sport, it is also advisable to equip yourself with sports and travel insurance such as Totalsports that, in addition to guaranteeing medical expenses or incidents related to the cancellation, luggage or transport, cover you before setbacks related to activities in nature. Apart from accidents, Totalsports has guarantees such as search and rescue, diagnostic tests and rehabilitation treatments or the payment of prostheses or crutches, among others.
Insurance for Trekking
When hiking you have to dispense with non-essential items, such as jars and extra clothes, as these will unnecessarily increase the weight of our load. Also, the ideal is that the objects that we carry are made of light materials. Although it depends on the build of each person, the maximum weight of the hiker’s backpack should be around 6 kilos.
We must not forget, however, always carry a map, a GPS or mobile, a flashlight, an elementary kit (bandages, gauze painkillers, analgesics …), a rain jacket if there is rain, cream and sunglasses, and a pair of plastic bags for waste and food.
Bring a suitable team will facilitate our march. A backpack of a maximum of 30 liters equipped with lumbar belt will help us to unload weight from the shoulders. To make it more comfortable, we must place the heaviest near the back and the clothes in the bottom, fitting the things like a puzzle so that they move less.
In this link you will find the essential elements to carry in your backpack to practice trekking.
In the Route
Make sure your step is constant and regular, without changes of pace, always taking care of the signage and respectfully taking care of nature. As you walk, breathe through your nose so that the air enters your body with the right temperature and humidity. When resting, dress well and hydrate with water or an isotonic drink (carbonated drinks delay absorption). To replenish the cost of glucose and the loss of electrolytes eat something that contains sugar, such as nuts, chocolate or candy.
You always have to rehydrate, provide the body with salt, sugar and liquids, and make a balanced meal; take care of our feet, healing and hydrating them; and, of course, have a good rest!